Alvar Aalto is considered Finland’s leading international figure in the field of 20th century architecture and design. During his long and creative career, Aalto’s work embraced almost all key public institutions – town halls, theatres, churches, libraries and universities – as well as standardized housing and private homes. It was characteristic of Aalto’s understanding of architecture that furniture and lighting were an integral part of the building and therefore no less important for creating an environment fit for human beings than the architectural frame itself. Aalto was very aware of how much artificial light influences the human psyche and the daily activities, especially in a cold and dark northern climate and he insistently regarded lamps as sources of light defining our use and experience of space. He was clearly inspired by the ideas of the Danish architect and lighting designer Poul Henningsen and the Beehive lamp shows how he worked with reflective surfaces and several shades in order to create a lamp that emits a combination of direct and indirect light – just as Henningsen did. The Beehive is one of Aalto’s most distinctive lighting designs and creates a warm and atmospheric light, it was designed 1953.